Periodontics



Treatments



Periodontics:

A branch of dentistry that deals with diseases of the supporting and investing structures of the teeth including the gums, cementum, periodontal membranes, and alveolar bone.

Scaling and Polishing: The dental scaling is one of the essential components of good oral hygiene. The tooth cleaning procedure is performed to remove calculus (tartar), plaque and stains at Dental Clinic. In its next step the polishing of tooth surfaces is done. The dental polishing makes the tooth surfaces smooth making it more difficult for plaque and debris to accumulate. This provides normal protection to the teeth from decay and gum disease.

Scaling and Root Planing is a special type of non surgical periodontal treatment that probes deeper below the gum line to remove contaminated debris, pus, and bacteria. Scaling and Root Planing is actually the first treatment for periodontal disease It removes all of the irritants under the gums to eliminate inflammations and infection.

Frenectomy:

A frenum is a fold of tissue or muscle connecting the lips, cheek or tongue to the jawbone. There are two primary locations in the mouth where frenum is found – under the tongue (lingual frenum) and underneath the center of the upper lip (labial frenum). The frenum attaches the muscles of the cheeks and lips to the mouth, but in some cases, this tissue may interfere with the development of the mouth. In the event that the tissue, or frenum, is attached to close to the tip of the tongue or too far down the gums between the front teeth, a simple surgical procedure for the removal of one of these folds of tissue is performed. This surgical procedure is called Frenectomy.

Types of Gum Disease

 

Gingivitis
Gum disease in it’s earliest and mildest or most common form is called gingivitis. Gingivitis is characterized by swelling of the gums. Gingivitis can be classified by the underlying cause or causes of the condition. These include weakened immune systems, poor diet, and hormonal changes in women, oral fungus or viruses or as a result of taking certain medications. Often, the gums will bleed during normal brushing and flossing.

Periodontitis
Gingivitis, when not arrested in time, worsens into a more severe form of periodontal disease called periodontitis. In this condition gums pull away from the teeth, forming periodontal pockets that trap bacteria and food particles, as you may be assessed at the Indian dental clinic. Over time, periodontitis can lead to the destruction of gum and bone tissues, which may eventually cause the teeth supported by that periodontal tissue to fall out or have to be extracted.

 

GINGIVECTOMY 

The surgical removal of gingiva (i.e., gum tissue).  A gingivectomy is necessary when the gums have pulled away from the teeth creating deep pockets. The pockets make it hard to clean away plaque and calculus.  Gingivectomy is usually done before gum disease has damaged the bone supporting the teeth. The procedure involves removing and reshaping loose, diseased gum tissue to get rid of pockets between the teeth and gums. By removing the pocket walls, gingivectomy provides visibility and accessibility to remove calculus and thoroughly smooth the tooth roots.  This creates a favorable environment for gingival healing and restoration of the gingival contour.  Although gingivectomy was initially developed to treat periodontal disease, it is now a common Cosmetic Surgery, also.  It is used to remove overgrown gum tissue and improve the appearance of the gums.

 GINGIVOPLASTY is the surgical reshaping of gum tissue around the teeth.  It is often is done simply to make gums look better. They may have an unusual shape or may not be formed normally. The causes can include a person's genes, disease or trauma. Gingivoplasty reshapes the gums to make them look more natural. It often is done alone, but can be done during or after a gingivectomy. Gingivoplasty also can be done along with a gum graft. This type of surgery adds tissue to the gum line.

 

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